Synchronization signal distortion in quantum communication systems

V. D. Dubrovskaia – ITMO University, Kronverkskiy, 49, St. Petersburg, 197101, Russia; vddubrovskaia@gmail.com
S. A. Chivilikhin – ITMO University, Kronverkskiy, 49, St. Petersburg, 197101, Russia

An important problem in the practical implementation of fiber optical quantum communication systems is to synchronize the sender and receiver modules using a separate optical channel. The signal visibility in the quantum channel, which contributes to quantum bit error rate, is influenced by the synchronization signal delay. In this work, we investigate the dependence of the synchronization signal parameters on the dispersive effects in the fiber for a subcarrier wave quantum communication system (SCWQC), which is promising for quantum networking applications. The ITU-T G.652D standard single mode optical fiber was used for modeling. The maximum calculated phase mismatch of the synchronization signal for the system operating at 100 km fiber length corresponds to 1.7 ps signal time delay. The results show that dispersion causes significant signal distortion, therefore additional phase adjustment at least every 2.3 hours is required for stable system operation.

Keywords: quantum communications, clock synchronization, temperature dependence of the signal, chromatic dispersion.

PACS 03.67.a, 41.20.Jb

DOI 10.17586/2220-8054-2017-8-3-382-385


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