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NANOSYSTEMS: PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, MATHEMATICS, 2021, 12 (1), P. 32–41

On the long-distance charge transport in DNA-like macromolecules

D. Chevizovich – University of Belgrade, Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Laboratory for Theoretical and Condensed Matter Physics, P.O. BOX 522, Belgrade, 11001, Serbia; cevizd@vinca.rs
A.V. Chizhov – Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie, 6, Dubna, 141980; Dubna State University, Universitetskaya, 19, Dubna, 141980, Russia
Z. Ivić – University of Belgrade, Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Laboratory for Theoretical and Condensed Matter Physics, P.O. BOX 522, Belgrade, 11001, Serbia
A. A. Reshetnyak – Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science SB RAS, Academichesky ave., 2/4, Tomsk, 634021, Russia

In this paper, we investigate the possibility of stable migration of charge carriers over long distances in DNA-like macromolecular structures in the form of an adiabatic soliton and derive the conditions for the formation of solitons. We find two types of soliton solutions: symmetric and antisymmetric. Comparing the energy of both types of soliton solutions with the energy of free extra charge, we find the region of the system parameters in which the soliton states are more energetically favorable than the states of quasi-free charges. At the same time, which of the two mentioned soliton solutions corresponds to an energetically favorable state depends on the ratio of the energy parameters of the molecular structure.

Keywords: charge migration, DNA, soliton, adiabatic polaron, interchain coupling.

PACS 87.15.hj, 05.60.Gg, 05.45.Yv, 87.10.-e

DOI 10.17586/2220-8054-2021-12-1-32-41

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