Interaction of femtosecond laser radiation with carbon materials: exfoliation of graphene structures and synthesis of low-dimensional carbon structures

D. Abramov – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; awraam@mail.ru
S. Arakelian – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; arak@vlsu.ru
D. Kochuev – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; _b_@mail.ru
S. Makov – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; stephan.makov@gmail.com
V. Prokoshev – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; prokoshev_vg@vlsu.ru
K. Khorkov – Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia; freeod@mail.ru

Carbon is represented in modern nanomaterials by a large variety of modifications. Various methods and technologies have been developed to create these various forms. Methods utilizing laser irradiation constitute a large portion of these techniques. The action of laser pulses upon graphite may result in the exfoliation of graphene layers. This paper presents the results of implementing method of laser-induced cleavage of graphite in liquid nitrogen using femtosecond laser radiation pulses. The process of obtaining graphene from the laser processing of graphite is accompanied by the formation of various types of low-dimensional carbon structures.

Keywords: graphene, carbon nanorods, laser synthesis, femtosecond laser.

PACS 81.05.-t, 42.62.Cf

DOI 10.17586/2220-8054-2016-7-1-220-225


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