NANOSYSTEMS: PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, MATHEMATICS, 2016, 7 (3), P. 472–478
Dielectric properties of polyamide 12-chromium (III) oxide nanocomposites
E. S. Shapoval – ITMO University, Kronverkskiy pr., 49, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia; email@example.com
V.V. Zuev – ITMO University, Kronverkskiy pr., 49, 197101 St. Petersburg; Institute of Macromolecular Compounds of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi pr., 31, 199004 St. Petersburg, Russia; firstname.lastname@example.org
Broadband dielectric spectroscopy was employed to study polymer nanocomposites based on PA12 filled with different loading (0.1 – 10 wt.%) of nanosized (average grain size of about 1 – 5 nm) chromium (III) oxide. The experimental dielectric data were analyzed within the formalisms of complex permittivity and electric modulus. Three relaxation processes and Maxwell–Wagner–Sillars (MWS) interfacial polarizations were observed. It was found that all the relaxations were sensitive to filler contents. The presence of nanosized amphoteric chromium (III) oxide was shown to lead to the softening of the polyamide matrix that manifested in decrease of the activation energy of the and relaxation processes and glass transition temperatures. The softening of polymer matrix is the reason for the decrease in the mechanical properties of the polymer nanocomposites as compared to that of neat PA12.
Keywords: nanocomposites, polyamide 12, chromium (III) oxide, relaxation processes, activation energy dielectric spectroscopy.