NANOSYSTEMS: PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, MATHEMATICS, 2017, 8 (1), P. 48–58
Metal-insulator (fermion-boson)-crossover origin of pseudogap phase of cuprates I: anomalous heat conductivity, insulator resistivity boundary, nonlinear entropy
B. Abdullaev – Institute of Applied Physics, National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent 100174, Uzbekistan; email@example.com
C. H. Park – Research Center for Dielectric and Advanced Matter Physics, Department of Physics, Pusan National University, 30 Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609735, Korea; firstname.lastname@example.org
K. S. Park – Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066, Seoburo, Jangangu, Suwon, Gyeonggido, Korea; email@example.com
I. J. Kang – Samsung Mobile Display, Suwon, Kyunggido, Korea; firstname.lastname@example.org
Among all the experimental observations of cuprate physics, the metal-insulator-crossover (MIC), seen in the pseudogap (PG) region of the temperature-doping phase diagram of copper-oxides under a strong magnetic field when the superconductivity is suppressed, is most likely the most intriguing one. Since it was expected that the PG-normal state for these materials, as for conventional superconductors, is conducting. This MIC, revealed in such phenomena as heat conductivity downturn, anomalous Lorentz ratio, insulator resistivity boundary, non-linear entropy, resistivity temperature upturn, insulating ground state, nematicity- and stripe-phases and Fermi pockets, unambiguously indicates on the insulating normal state, from which high-temperature superconductivity (HTS) appears. In the present work (article I), we discuss the MIC phenomena mentioned in the title of article. The second work (article II) will be devoted to discussion of other listed above MIC phenomena and also to interpretation of the recent observations in the hidden magnetic order and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments spin and charge fluctuations as the intra PG and HTS pair ones. We find that all these MIC (called in the literature as non-Fermi liquid) phenomena can be obtained within the Coulomb single boson and single fermion two liquid model, which we recently developed, and the MIC is a crossover of single fermions into those of single bosons. We show that this MIC originates from bosons of Coulomb two liquid model and fermions, whose origin is these bosons. At an increase of doping up to critical value or temperature up to PG boundary temperature, the boson system undegoes bosonic insulator – bosonic metal –fermionic metal transitions.
Keywords: high critical temperature superconductivity, cuprate, metal-insulator-crossover, temperature-doping phase diagram, anomalous heat conductivity, insulator resistivity boundary, nonlinear entropy.
PACS 74.72.-h, 74.20.Mn, 74.25.Fy, 74.25.Bt